Author Topic: Root Cellar  (Read 967 times)

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Offline chloe

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Root Cellar
« on: March 15, 2014, 10:45:41 AM »
I have wanted a root cellar for a long time and am still wanting  :)
I have started to look and see what I needed to do to build one or as close to it as I can.
So far this is what I have found.


Root cellars are for keeping food supplies at a low temperature and steady humidity. They keep food from freezing during the winter and keep food cool during the summer months to prevent spoilage. Typically, a variety of vegetables are placed in the root cellar in the autumn, after harvesting. A secondary use for the root cellar is as a place in which to store wine or home-made alcoholic beverages.
 
Vegetables stored in the root cellar primarily consist of potatoes, turnips, and carrots.
Other food supplies placed in the root cellar over the winter months include beets, onions, jarred preserves and jams, salt meat, salt turbot, salt herring, winter squash, and cabbage.
 A potato cellar is sometimes called a potato barn or potato house.
 
Separate cellars are occasionally used for storing fruits, such as apples.
Water, bread, butter, milk, and cream are sometimes stored in the root cellar also.
 In addition, items such as salad greens, fresh meat,
 and jam pies are kept in the root cellar early in the day to keep cool until they are needed for supper.

What is a root cellar

Root Cellar wiki how Tthis site has pictures and a good bit of info on building a
root celler

Underground Root Cellar




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Offline chloe

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Re: Root Cellar
« Reply #1 on: March 15, 2014, 10:50:25 AM »
Old Farmer's Almanac

Root Cellar

Root Cellars: How to Keep It Cool

Start With a Hole in the Ground
 
Technically, a root cellar is any storage location that uses natural cooling, insulating, and humidifying properties of the earth.
 To work properly, a root cellar must be able to hold a temperature of 32º to  40º F and a humidity level of 85 to 95 percent.
 The cool temperature slows the release of ethylene gas and stops the grow of microorganisms that cause decomposition.
 The humidity level prevents loss of moisture through evaporation—and the withering looks that go along with it.
 
Today, root cellars are often attached to houses for easy access, though it can take some effort to create a cold basement corner.
 The best method is to use the foundation walls on the northeast corner for two sides.
 Build the other two walls in the basement with stud and board.
 Insulate the interior walls, ceiling, and door (and any pipes or ducts) to keep the heat out.
 Ensure there is a ventilation system that allows cool, fresh air from the outside to be brought into the root cellar and stale air to be exhausted out.
 
Another option outside the house is to dig down into the ground or horizontally into a hillside. A third option is to create is to bury suitable containers such as metal garbage cans or barrels, leaving about 4 inches exposed at the top. Heap earth around the circumference, then cover the lid with straw or mulch and a sheet of plastic to keep everything dry.
 
How to Keep It Cool
 
To create the best atmosphere in your root cellar, consider this:
 Complete temperature stability is reached about 10 feet (3 m) deep.
 
 Don’t dig a root cellar near a large tree; the tree’s roots can be difficult to dig through, and they will eventually grow and crack the cellar walls.
 
 Inside, wooden shelving, bins, and platforms are the norm, as wood does not conduct heat and cold as rapidly as metal does.
 
 Air circulation is critical for minimizing airborne mold, so shelves should stand 1 to 3 inches (3 to 8 cm) away from the walls.
 
 For outdoor root cellars, packed earth is the preferred flooring. Concrete works well and is practical for a cellar in a basement.
 
 Every root cellar needs a thermometer and a hygrometer (to measure temperature and humidity, respectively), which should be checked daily, if possible.
 
 Heat is usually regulated using ventilation to the outside or an exhaust pipe—usually to allow cold air in, often on fall nights to get the temperature down



Good friends are like stars...
        You don't always see them,
        but know they are always there.